PoiNtEr->: Using tcpdump and wireshark to capture packets on a Linux system

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Monday, August 8, 2011

Using tcpdump and wireshark to capture packets on a Linux system

The following command will capture all packets on the eth0 network interface and log them to a file called packets.tcpdump.
tcpdump -i eth0 -s 0 -U -w packets.tcpdump
tcpdump will continue to run in the foreground while you generate the network activity.  When you're done, press CTRL+C to stop tcpdump.  Note that running tcpdump in this manner could have an adverse effect on network performance, so you should not leave this running in a production environment.
Capturing all packets also has a potential to use a lot of disk space if your network is busy.  If you're having trouble finding the traffic you want because the dump is too large, consider passing additional arguments to tcpdump to filter the types of packets that are captured, e.g., only packets from a certain IP address or only packets on a certain port.
The following command will only capture TCP packets destined for or originating from port 80.
tcpdump -i eth0 -s 0 -U -w port-80-packets.tcpdump tcp port 80
Of course, the downside to filtering the dump at capture-time is that you may miss something that helps you debug the problem you're encountering.  If you can afford the disk space and your network is not that busy, it may be better to capture all packets and just use a view filter in Wireshark to help you find what you're looking for.

To install wireshark in ubuntu use following command:

sudo apt-get install wireshark

to open wireshark press alt+f2

and give following code in run section:

gksudo wireshark


wireshark is best utility to capture packets i had ever came across ,  i recommend it for every linux noob.

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